Dental crowns can be used to fix many issues that affect the structure of a tooth. A crown serves as a cap for a tooth, covering its visible structure. It is designed to protect teeth against irritants in the mouth and bite forces.
How dental crowns are used to restore damaged teeth
Getting a dental crown typically involves at least two trips to the dentist. The first requires examining the patient to determine if a crown is the right treatment for them and preparing the patient's tooth for it. The second visit involves fitting the patient with their customized crown.
Crowns can be used to treat dental issues like:
- Tooth decay
- Broken, cracked or chipped teeth
- Spaces between teeth
- Deformed teeth
- Stained teeth
Dentists prepare their patients for dental crowns by shaving enamel off their teeth. Enamel is removed from all four sides so the crown can fit snugly on the tooth. This gives the tooth better protection. Once the patient's teeth have been prepared, a 3D image or an impression of their teeth is taken. The dentist does this by using digital images or having the patient bite down on a mold. The impression or model is sent to a lab where dental crowns are made. It can take up to two weeks for the restoration to be ready.
Since the patient's teeth have already been prepared for a crown, they need some restoration to serve as artificial enamel while they wait for their customized crown. The dentist attaches a temporary crown for this purpose.
The temporary crown is taken off during the second appointment when the patient's customized crown is ready. The customized crowns are cemented into place, and alterations are made as needed.
The different types of crowns
Dental crowns can be made from a variety of materials, but porcelain and composite resin crowns tend to lead to the best aesthetics. Metal crowns tend to be the most durable types of crowns, but there is no way to make these look natural in a person's mouth.
Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns are a happy medium between aesthetics and durability. These types of crowns come with a solid metal base that leads to improved durability and a porcelain crown that looks like a real tooth.
Life after getting a crown
There is no recovery period after getting a crown, but patients might experience teeth sensitivity afterward. This should linger for no more than a couple of weeks, and it can be managed with desensitizing products.
Patients should avoid sticky foods for the first couple of days after getting a crown. Consuming such foods can lead to the crown becoming dislodged. Crowns do not require special cleaning. Good oral hygiene is all these restorations need to keep them in great condition.
Restore your tooth with a crown
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